Chalk Paint, How To's

Painting Techniques – Chalk Paint

Chalk paint is the hottest trend in recent years. With its supple texture and seductive colors, chalk paint transforms ordinary items like thrift store furniture into eye-catching art pieces.

Because of it’s versatility, chalk paint is a joy to work with and helps to revive old items or make new ones look fabulously old. Chalk style paint behaves differently from conventional paint since it has a mineral content that places it closer to lime wash than to latex paints. With an extremely fast drying time and the option of a final wax finish, chalk paint tends to operate under its own set of rules.

Here are few chalk painting techniques, which can transform your piece, be it a furniture or Craft into something unique.

Smooth Finish

To get the perfect smooth finish with chalk paint, apply it using a short handle brush with angled bristles (My recommendation is Wooster short handled brush with slanted bristles). For the first coat, it does not matter how you apply, but the final coat needs to be in the same direction.

It is very important to make sure your paint is not too thick when you apply your second coat. The best way to ensure that paint is evenly distributed, spray/mist your piece with plain water.

The next important step is to sand the entire piece. Let the paint dry and go over the entire piece with 400 grit sandpaper before applying wax/top coat. Once sanding is complete, wipe it with damp-dried lint free cloth. Than apply your top coat / wax. You will get a flawless smooth finish.

Blending Colors

Blending is a fun technique to apply two or more different colors on a same piece to give it an interesting look.

If you’ve never blended chalk paint before don’t worry. It’s much easier than it seems and very hard to mess up! Work in small sections so you can blend while the paint is wet. The key here is keeping your paint wet, while blending it. Use different brush for each color, and one brush for blending.

First coat will be just laying the paint. Second, coat is where we will start blending. Water is very important in helping the colors blend. Mist your flat head chalk paint brush with water. Start blending where the two colors meet. Blend in long light strokes (along the line where 2 colors meet) moving up into one color and then down to the other color. Mist the paint with water if it gets too dry to blend.

Once you are satisfied with the blending, let it dry. Then sand it very lightly with 220 grit to prepare for the final coat.

At this stage you can apply the lighter color and blend it with the darker, if you wanted a smooth blended look where you’re not able to tell where one color starts and the other ends. Or you can leave the way it is for more defined look.

More about blending chalk paint “Blending & Layering Chalk Paint – Tips, Tricks & Techniques

Layering Colors

Layering Chalk Paint is a fun and easy way to give your furniture pieces some added depth, dimension and interest. There are multiple ways to layer chalk paint.

Start With your darkest chalk paint color, when layering.

My first layer of chalk paint goes on very light. Apply this color where you want the color to see through the layer of 2nd color. If your piece has crevices, that is the best place to start with the first layer. Your goal for this 1st step is NOT to have full coverage.

Now it the time to apply the second chalk paint color layer. Use a different paintbrush and give your piece a light to medium coat of 2nd color (being careful not to rub your brush too heavy over the 1st color, because your goal is to show that color).

Once I have the coverage I want with the 2nd color. Then, go back to your first (darker) color and just barely dip it into the paint. Really, just barely enough to dampen the ends of the bristles. Apply it on the crevices, to add a few additional highlights to the piece. Do not apply a lot of pressure with your brush.Your goal is for light, long sweeping motions across the lines/crevices. The lighter the strokes, the more blended your layering will look.

Distressed Finish

There are many ways to distress, one color distressing, 2 or more color distressing, wet distressing. Here we will be discussing the dry distressing.

Once color distressing is very simple and easy. Apply two coats of one color on your piece. Take 150 or 220 grit sand paper and sand the edges. This will make the underneath wood peak through giving it a distressed look.

In two layered distressing, first apply the two coats of the first color, usually the darker goes first. Only paint the accent color where you intend to distress. Depending on how heavy you distress, you may want more than two coats of your accent color so you don’t cut right through to the wood. Next, I painted two coats of 2nd color, all over.

Now, is the time to distress with 150 / 220 grit sanding block. I really like using the 3M blocks with the edges. They are easy to grip onto and work well to get into the tight spots/edges when distressing. Sand the area where you have applied the first color until your are able to reveal the color underneath.

Once you have achieved the look you are after, wipe the dust with damp-dried lint free cloth. Seal it with your favorite sealer.

Some “Do’s and Don’ts when Painting with Chalk Paint

Running Paint

Running paint is the easiest technique to get organic look on your piece, which will create colored veins.

Apply different colors with medium loaded brush on the piece, and spritz it with water and let is run on the surface. Make sure that the piece is in upright position, so gravity will get to work. It will run the colors down and create veins.

If you surface is prepared with some textured material like AbraCadAbra, you will get a better result, as peaks and valleys of the surface will guide the color stream in an organic way.

Paint Wash

First paint your piece with base color. After applying two coats, let it fully dry overnight.

For color wash, mix 1-part paint to 2-parts water. You can always add a little more water if you feel you need to, depending on the look you’re going for. The more watered down the paint is the easier it will be to wipe off and the lighter and more sheer it will be.

Lightly dipped your brush in the wash and began brushing. Once applied the wash, immediately take a rag and wipe it off in the direction in which, you have applied the paint.
You’ll want to make sure to do one section at a time since the paint dries fast.

After all the excess paint was wiped off, if I felt like the rag hadn’t wiped it well enough or to your liking, simply spray the section with water, and wipe it again, this time with sponge. Damp sponge is way better this time, than the rag.

Cross-hatching

Cross-hatching create a faux linen effect.

When creating this look with chalk paint, first apply thick layer of chalk paint in the color of your choice in only one direction to create lines. Let is dry completely, than follow on top with opposite direction brush strokes.

Cross-hatching adds a second layer of brush strokes that are drawn in the opposite direction. The second layer is applied at right angles to the first.

You can used two different colors, to create more dramatic effect in cross-hatching.

Stippling / Dabbing Paint

To create low peaks and valleys, lay down the paint thickly in a small area and follow by dabbing with the bristles. More like a stippling movement.

When using lint free cloth to get stippling/dabbing effect, the paint need to be thinned a bit. This will get you more spread out look. This look will look perfect when two colors shades are used, which are close to each other.

The key to this technique is applying in small sections, when dabbing or pouncing your paint brush onto the furniture. This chalk paint technique does take longer than brushing on, but it’s worth it to get this old world Swedish look called Hygge home.

Again apply this chalk paint like you do your first layer (may be of a different shade of same color). Make sure you’re working in small sections so you can get the blending to come out nicely. Sanding with this Swedish chalk paint technique is not recommended.

Here you can learn more about how to chalk paint a furniture piece “Steps to chalk paint your furniture pieces” 

Dry-Brushing

When the piece has an existing lower color that you would like to blend with an upper color, use the dry-brush technique. Touch the tips of the bristles into the chalk paint. Remove from the paint and hold the brush away from the work piece for a few seconds to allow the chalk paint to reach a drier consistency on the brush. Then firmly brush over the work surface. Since the chalk paint is fairly dry, it is virtually impossible to ruin the lower level with too much paint.

Nina Lia Design Home Furnishings is furniture decorative and painting company based in Niagara Falls, Ontario and can take painted furniture to the next level with a deft artistic touch.

You can check out some of the refinished products here.

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